Ziyarah on the Death Anniversary of Fatima
Salams to all my brothers and sisters.
I would like to take this opportunity to offer our beloved Prophet Muhammad (S), our living Imam (ATF) our Maraji of Taqleed and all the Muslim Ummah my heart felt congratulation on the anniversary of the marriage of the two holy lights Imam Ali (A) and Sayyedah Fatima (A). An occasion that should be remembered with grace, understanding, reflection and a thorough insight unto the life of such great personalities. To teach ourselves and our children how to live a life of exemplary standards and to mould our character, our akhlaq, our movement, our principals, our thinking, our minds and our entire life on the basis of the life of our Holy Prophet and Ahlul-Bait (A). Happy marriage anniversary to one and all.
On this happy occasion I would like to share with you the following article.
The Prophet said to Imam Ali (A): How Do you wish to be wedded to your wife?”
Ali replied: “It is to your honor!! If you wish, the wedding can take place tonight or tomorrow night, if Allah wills.”
The Prophet said: “So prepare a house for Fatima.”
Ali then said: “The only house I can acquire is Harithah Ibn al-Numan’s.”
The Prophet said: “Surely we are shy for Harithah Ibn al-Numan, for we have taken the majority of his houses!”‘
When Harithah heard about this, he proceeded towards the Prophet and said:
“Messenger of Allah, I and my property belong to Allah and His Messenger. By Allah, there is nothing more beloved to me than that which you take; it surely is more desirable to me (that you take it) than if you leave it (for me)!!”
Consequently, Harithah, motivated by his strong faith and belief in good deeds, granted Ali (A) one of his houses. Imam Ali (A) furnished one of the rooms by spreading sand on the floor and erecting a pole for hanging the water container. In addition to some gifts that were given to him by some companions, he also purchased a jug and jar and laid a piece of wood between two walls for hanging clothes, and placed a ram’s skin on the floor and put a pillow made of fiber on it,
The Prophet (S) ordered Ali (A) to hold a dinner because Allah, the Exalted, is pleased with those who do so; for the social good it does-such as bringing people together and implementing love and harmony among them.
It is noteworthy that Lady Fatima Zahra (A) excelled in giving on the path of Allah; she possessed generosity that no other woman can claim to be equal to.
Al-Asfouri wrote in his book Nuzhat al-Majalis v.2, p.226, on the authority of Ibn al-Tawous:
“The Prophet had a new dress made for Fatima (as a gift) for her wedding; she had just one old patched dress. On her wedding night, someone knocked on the door and said:
“I ask the household of Prophethood to give me an old dress.” At first, Fatima was going to give him her old dress, but then remembered the Quranic verse:
`By no means shall ye attain righteousness unless ye give (freely) of that which ye love (prefer)’
She then gave the poor man her new dress. Consequently, Gabriel descended and said:
“O Muhammad! Allah sends Him peace upon you; He commanded me to greet Fatima and (give her the gift He sent her) which is a dress from Paradise, made of silk brocade etc.”
(Returning to the feast), when the food had been prepared, the meat cooked, the bread baked and the dates and butter obtained, the Prophet started spitting the dates and mixing them with the butter to replace sweetmeat for the wedding When everything was ready, he asked Ali to invite the people to the feast.
When Ali reached the Mosque, he found it crowded with people-all were at the Mosque, from the poor immigrants who lived there to the Ansars. Nevertheless, Ali’s generosity and noble-heartedness did not allow him to invite some people and exclude others, especially since everyone wanted to be invited to the Prophet’s daughter’s wedding feast.
Ali’s belief in Allah’s power and the Prophet’s blessed heart, motivated him to call out loud:
“O people, answer the call for the feast of Fatima Bint Muhammad”
Men and women from all around Medina gathered in the house. They ate, drank and even took food to their homes. The blessings of the Prophet were obvious on that day, for not only the food was enough to feed everyone, but also it did not decrease at all. The Prophet asked for food containers to be brought and filled them and sent them to his wives and left a special container for Fatima and her husband.
By sunset, the wedding night had begun; it was time for Fatima to depart to her new home.
Everything went well, for the Prophet had made all the necessary preparation for the wedding. Despite the simplicity and modesty of her wedding, Fatima’s marriage ceremony was surrounded by signs of greatness, excellence and beauty. Al-Haithami wrote in Majma’ Az-Zawaed that Jabir said:
“We were present at Fatima and Ali’s (may Allah be pleased with them) wedding ceremony, and indeed we have not seen any ceremony better than that one…”
The Messenger of Allah (S) ordered his wives to embellish Fatima (A) before the wedding; they perfumed and dressed her with jewellery. They all helped to ready Fatima; some combed her hair while others embellished and dressed her in the dress brought by Gabriel from Paradise.
Allah’s Messenger (S) paid special attention to Fatima Zahra (A), which he did not bestow on his other daughters for the following reasons:
A. Her special characteristics and noble traits.
B. Her husband is Ali Ibn Abu Talib, who is known for his talents and longstanding service to Islam-besides being the Prophet’s cousin.
C. The Prophet also knew that his daughter was going to be included in the verse of purification, the verse of Mubahelah (supplication), and the verse of Kinship.
D. Fatima also is the mother of the Holy Imams who will lead humanity until the Day of Resurrection.
The night of Fatima’s wedding arrived. Because every girl needs her mother on her wedding night, Fatima missed Khadija and felt very much like an orphan. With his noble and special attention to Fatima, the Prophet wished to fill Khadija’s space; the Prophet called Ali (A) and Fatima, who proceeded towards him-Fatima was in her long heavenly dress overtaken with shyness. He (S) brought his gray horse and asked Fatima to ride it and ordered Salman to lead while he (S) followed them.
Yes, indeed, Fatima’s wedding was attended by heavenly creatures as well as people, for she is a human huri.
Al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi in Tareekh Baghdad v.5, p.7, Al-Hamwini in Duraral-Simtain,
Al-Dhahabi in Mizan al-Etedal, Garani in Akhbar al-Dowal, and Qandouzi in Yanabi’ al-Mawaddah have narrated that Ibn Abbas said:
“When Fatima was taken to Ali’s house on her wedding night, the Prophet proceeded her, Gabriel was on her right, and Michael on her left, and seventy thousand angels followed her. These angels praised and glorified Allah until dawn!!
The Hashemit men, Abdul Muttalib’s daughters, and Muhajerin and Ansar’s women all accompanied Fatima’s caravan that night. The Prophet’s wives joyfully led the caravan; they were also the first to enter the house.
Upon arriving, the Prophet placed Fatima’s hand in Ali’s hand and said:
“May Allah bless his Messenger’s daughter;
Ali this is Fatima, you are responsible for her (or I entrust her to you)
Ali, what an excellent wife Fatima is!!
Fatima, what an excellent husband Ali is!!
O Allah, bless them, bless their lives, and bless their children
O Allah, surely they are the most beloved to me from among your creatures, so love them too, and assign for them a guardian
I place them and their progeny under Your protection from the curse devil.”
The Prophet then asked for a jug of water; he sipped a small amount of the water and after gargling with it, placed it back in the jug. He then called for Fatima (A) and sprayed her head and shoulders with that water and did the same thing to Ali (A). Thereafter, he ordered the women to leave the house. They all left except Asma Bint Umais. When he (S) noticed that she had stayed behind, he exclaimed: ‘Didn’t I ask you to leave?’
She answered: `Indeed, O Messenger of Allah! May my parents be your sacrifice; I did not intend to disobey you, but I promised Khadija to take her place on this night.’
The Prophet (S) was moved by this; he cried and said to Asma: ‘By Allah, is this the reason that made you stay behind?’
She said: ‘Yes, by Allah!’
He (S) then said: ‘Asma, may Allah fulfill for you the needs of this world and the Hereafter.’